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The Origin of New Jersey Place Names

Edited by GET NJ
Copyright 2002

N O P Q R S T U V W   Y Z

Reissued By
New Jersey Public Library Commission State House Annex
Trenton 7, New Jersey

J9 10.3
W9 56.2

This publication was compiled by workers of the Federal Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of New Jersey, and was sponsored by the New Jersey State Library Commission.

Issued in mimeographed form, the edition was long ago exhausted. Because of numerous requests for copies received by the Public Library Commission, we take pleasure in making it available now in printed form.

The New Jersey Public Library Commission
May, 1945

Introductory Note
In 1938, the New Jersey Writers' Project began compiling, for reference purposes, a catalogue of current and extinct names of the governmental and geographic subdivisions of the State: Research was conducted through-state and local histories, recorded and unrecorded folklore and personal interviews with local officials and history-minded residents. A good deal of the information submitted was legendary, much of it contradictory; in many instances none was available, even for incorporated municipalities.

From the catalogue, the Project assembled the following list of 930 names whose authenticity has been reasonably established. Except for names of Indian origin (printed in red), where the derivation or definition is often obscure, authorities have not been cited because of space limitations. For the same reason statistical information such as population, area, railroads, etc., has been omitted.

Symbols following each name indicate the character of the place and the county in which it is situated. Similarly, extinct names have been eliminated from this list, although the origins of some of these, rooted in the half-forgotten folklore of the State; are valuable data for students and historians.

Through the sponsorship of the State Library Commission, this pamphlet will be placed in libraries throughout the State where, it is hoped, it will prove useful as source material and will serve to stimulate further research into New Jersey's background.

Viola L. Hutchinson, State Supervisor
New Jersey Writers' Project

Key To Abbreviations Used

I. Classifications Of Places
B -Borough M -Mountain
Bg-Bridge Mn-Monument
Br-Brook P -Pond
By-Bay Pk -Park
C -City R -River
Cn-Canal Res-Reservoir
Co-County S -Stream
Cp-Cape SF -State Forest
Cr-Creek SP -State Park
G -Game Preserve T -Town
H -Hill TG -U.S. Training Ground
I -Island Tp -Township
In -Inlet U -Unincorporated community, locality
L -Lake V-Village

II. Counties
At -Atlantic Me-Mercer
Be -Bergen Mi-Middlesex
Bu -Burlington Mo-Monmouth
Ca -Camden Mr-Morris
CM-Cape May Oc-Ocean
Cu -Cumberland Pa -Passaic
Es -Essex Sa -Salem
GI -Gloucester So -Somerset
Hu -Hudson Su -Sussex
Ht -Hunterdon Un-Union Wa-Warren

III. Key To Authorities Cited For Indian Names
NOTE: Indian names are printed in red in the main body of this list. In the column. headed "Derivation," a letter is given in parenthesis referring to one of the following books as authority.

A -Anthony, Rev. A. S., and D. G. Brinton (editors). Lenape-English Dictionary. The Historical Society of Penna., 1888.

B -Bolton, Reginald P. Indian Life of Long Ago in the City of N.Y. New York, 1934.

Br-Brinton, D. G. The Lenapes and Their Legends. Phila., 1885. Ca-Catlin, George. Adventures of Ojibbeway and Ioway Indians in England, France and Belgium. London, 1852; Boy's Catlin: My Life Among the Indians.

Cr-Cross, W. T. and D. E. Newcomers and Nomads in California. 1937. Gan-Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U. S. Government Printing Office, 1905.

Ph-Philhower, Charles A. "Aboriginal Inhabitants of New Jersey" in New Jersey: A History. American Hist. Soc., N. Y., 1930; also articles in N. J. Hist. Soc. Proc. and Union Co. Hist. Soc. Proc.

Ru-Ruttenber, Edw. M. Footprints of the Red Men. 1906.

To-Tooker, William Wallace. Indian Place Names on Long Island and Islands Adjacent. Putman's Sons, N. Y., 1911.


Ze-Zeisberger, David. Indian Dictionary, English., German, Iroquois-Onondaga and Algonquirt-Delaware. Cambridge, 1887.

The Origin of New Jersey Place Names

N O P Q R S T U V W   Y Z

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